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Types of Back Pain | Symptoms, Cause and Treatment Methods

Back pain is one of the most common problems that most people have experienced at least once in their lives. Back pain does not know age and may occur even in people under the age of 20, but it most often occurs between 30 and 50. There are several causes of low back pain.
Sometimes this pain is due to damage to the spine and bones of the lower back. In some cases, it is caused by a lot of work and activity, and the person feels discomfort in his back, in which case, usually with a little rest, it is relieved. The treatment of this disease and the solution prescribed for it depends on the severity of the pain and injury. While introducing different causes of low back pain and its symptoms, this section also explains the treatment methods. Stay with us.

Back Pain

Acute and Chronic Back Pain

Back pain, in addition, is accompanied by other signs and symptoms that it is recommended to see a doctor if they occur. These symptoms include:

  • Fever
  • Weight Loss
  • Pain in the lower back does not subside even when resting and lying down.
  • Pain in the lower back until it wakes up.
  • Pain in the leg area when it continues below the knee.
  • Injury to the lumbar region when traumatized.
  • Urinary and fecal incontinence
  • Numbness around the genitals, buttocks, and anus

In addition, if you are in any of the following categories, be sure to see your doctor if you notice pain:

  • Patients who have been taking steroid medications continuously for several months.
  • Cancer patients and people who have had the disease before.
  • People who are addicted to drugs.
  • People with weak immune systems.
  • People under 20 years old and over 55 years old.

Causes of Back Pain

Like other parts of the body, the human back has a complex structure and includes various components such as bones, muscles, tendons, discs, and ligaments. Together, these components are responsible for moving this section and performing various movements. When one of these components fails, it affects the entire system and causes disorders in this part of the body. These problems include muscle strain, ligament strain, muscle spasm, and more, with subsequent consequences such as low back pain.

It is often caused by unprincipled behaviours such as lifting heavy objects, falling from heights, or incorrect movements during exercise and the like, leading to serious back injuries. Among the causes of low back pain can be mentioned the following:

Improper Sitting

If you sit incorrectly and repeat this for a long time, you will suffer from back pain over time. This is also true of the type of standing.

Lifting Heavy Objects

 One of the things that are usually ignored and cause irreparable damage to the area is lifting heavy objects. Lifting very heavy objects requires high ability and must be done in a principled manner.

Improper Sleep 

The position of the body during sleep is very important. Poor sleep causes pressure in the lower back and pain.

Exercising Heavily

Excessive activity beyond human ability, if done suddenly and without prior preparation, puts pressure on the back and causes muscle cramps and pain.

Professional Sports 

Exercise is one of the activities that is always recommended for body health and vitality. But you should remember to do the exercise according to your ability and under the supervision of a coach. Heavy, unprepared movements can cause muscle cramps and varicose veins in the lower back and even cause serious injury to your limbs.

Falling from a Height

Other cases that cause back pain are falling from stairs, ladders, stools, and. Falling from a height can cause damage to the bones and limbs of the lower back.

Spine Fracture

Falling from a height, accident, or similar events may cause a spinal fracture. This fracture causes damage to the back and leads to an inability to move and pain. (see also Spinal Decompression)

Spine Cancer

This type of cancer is one of the rare diseases that occurs in men more than women. In this case, the patient develops muscle weakness and cannot stand and walk. This disability is often accompanied by pain.

Holding the Phone by The Shoulder

Some people put their phone between the shoulder and the head when making a call to do other things with their hands at the same time. Holding the head and shoulders in this position for a long time puts a lot of pressure on the neck and back muscles.

Carrying a Heavy Backpack

Prolonged carrying of a heavy backpack causes pain in the shoulders, neck, back and lower back.

Improper Shoes

Using inappropriate shoes and wearing them for a long time is another cause of that. The best type of shoes is flat shoes that put less traction on the back of the body.

Sciatica

The sciatica is the largest nerve in the body, starting at the buttocks and extending to the wrist after passing through the thighs and legs. In most cases, sciatica is caused by a ruptured or protruding lumbar disc, which often occurs in old age. Any disorder in the sciatic nerve will cause problems in the lower back.

Spinal Canal Stenosis 

Spinal canal stenosis is a disorder that occurs with age. People with this condition experience pain in their buttocks, thighs, and legs after walking or standing for a while.

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is one of the most common diseases that occur in different types and affects millions of people worldwide every year. This disease destroys the articular cartilage in different parts of the body, making it difficult for the patient to move and causing pain.

Stress and Anxiety

People who have stressful jobs or suffer from mental disorders for other reasons are at risk for low back pain. Nervousness can cause muscle spasms and pain in the lower back.

Overweight

People who are obese are also at risk for that.

Back Pain

Low Back Pain Treatment Methods

You should see a doctor when you feel pain in your lower back. The doctor examines the medical history, examines, performs tests photographs, diagnoses the cause of the pain, and performs the necessary treatment for the patient.

If the back pain is acute, it does not require surgery and can be treated with simpler methods such as gentle exercise, medication, or physiotherapy sessions. This section introduces some of the treatments that doctors recommend to patients to relieve and improve pain.

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